162 Standard Indicators

Indicators selected to measure cities conditions for innovation.

These are the 162 standard City Indicators from the City Benchmarking Data™ program. 2thinknow analysts use these indicators to collect qualitative and quantitative about cities, then provide relative benchmark scores against the set of 445 benchmark cities. Indicators are grouped into 2thinknow’s 31 segments (here) which cover all economic, industry and social functions of a city.

A more comprehensive description of Indicators can be found on our City Benchmarking Data: Indicators page.

List of City Indicators

City indicator Segment (short name)
Architectural Layering Architecture
Decorative Features Architecture
Green Architecture Architecture
Neighbourhoods Architecture
History Architecture
Cinema & Film Arts
Cultural Festivals Arts
Dance & Ballet Arts
Fine Artists Arts
Handcrafts Arts
Private Art Galleries Arts
Public Art Galleries Arts
Public Artworks Arts
Public Museums Arts
Satire & Comedy Arts
Theatre & Plays Arts
Youth Activities Arts
Electricity & Gas Basic Services
Food Supply Basic Services
Public Water Supply Basic Services
Waste Management Basic Services
Advertising in Media Business
Designers Business
Green Business Business
Industry Diversity Business
Video & Film Production Business
Business Approach Commerce
Card Acceptance Commerce
Finance Commerce
Foreign Exchange Commerce
Multi-National Headquarters Commerce
Professional Services Commerce
Public Meeting Spaces Commerce
Global Airport Connections Cultural Exchange
Hotel Range Cultural Exchange
Inbound Visitors Cultural Exchange
International Conferences Cultural Exchange
International Students Cultural Exchange
Languages Cultural Exchange
Multi-Lingual Cultural Exchange
Tourist Entry Cultural Exchange
Travel Advisories Cultural Exchange
Visitor Entry Cultural Exchange
Visitor Information Cultural Exchange
Embassies & Trade Ambassadors Diplomacy
Relationships with Neighbors Diplomacy
Domestic Market Health Economics
Domestic Market Size Economics
Exports Economics
GDP Per Capita Economics
Imports Economics
National Account Economics
Neighbors Market Size Economics
Property Prices Economics
Reserves Economics
Trading Partners Economies Economics
Unemployment Rate Economics
Wealth Distribution [Gini] Economics
Arts Education Education
Business Education Education
Science & Engineering Education
Student Population Education
University Breadth Education
University Commercialization Education
Air Cleanliness Environment & Nature
Climate & Weather Environment & Nature
Emissions Environment & Nature
Natural Disasters Environment & Nature
Nature Environment & Nature
Noise Limiting Environment & Nature
Public Green Areas Environment & Nature
Water features Environment & Nature
Fashion Designers Fashion
Cafes/ Tea Rooms Food
Fine Restaurants Food
Food Diversity Food
Meal Affordability Food
Freight Dependencies Geography
Physical location Geography
Trade Routes Geography
Government Responsiveness Government
Government Stability Government
Political Transparency Government
Public Servant Professionalism Government
General Medicine Health
Hospitals Health
Infant Mortality Rate Health
Life Expectancy Health
Waiting Lists Health
Industry Clusters Industry
Manufacturing Breadth Industry
Manufacturing Quality Industry
Publishing Industry Industry
Textile Industry Industry
Trade Diversity Industry
Wine, Spirits & Brewing Industry
Bookstores Information
Magazine Availability Information
Media Censorship Information
News Journalism Information
Public Libraries Information
TV & Radio Networks Information
Underground Publications Information
Web Censorship Information
Clerical Wages Labor
Labor Force Labor
Working Visa Labor
Citizen Rights Law
Policing Law
Separation of Powers Law
Container Freight Logistics
Freight Logistics
Postal System Logistics
Railway Track Logistics
Relative Military Military
Strategic Power Military
Airport Transfers Mobility
Automobiles Mobility
Bicycle Friendly Mobility
Inter-City Connections Mobility
International Airport Mobility
Public City Transport Mobility
Service Delivery Mobility
Service Frequency Mobility
Street Signage Mobility
Streets Mobility
Taxi Service Mobility
Transport Coverage Mobility
Walking City Mobility
Classical Music Music
Music Venues Music
Nightlife Music
Opera House Music
Popular Music Music
Alternative Population People
Education Level People
Equality of Women People
Littering People
Population People
Protest & Activism People
Crime Public Safety
Violent Crime Public Safety
Resources Resources
Department Stores Retail
Local Markets Retail
Local Shopping Retail
Retail Establishment Retail
Small Retail Clusters Retail
Places of Worship Spirituality
Fitness Facilities Sports
Sports Fanaticism Sports
Sports Stadiums Sports
Company Setup Start-Ups
Growth Business Funding Start-Ups
Start-Up Office Spaces Start-Ups
Broadband Internet Technology & Communications
Fixed Phone Network Technology & Communications
Government IT Policy Technology & Communications
Internet Users Technology & Communications
Mobile Phone Network Technology & Communications
Social Web 2.0 Media Technology & Communications
Wireless Internet Technology & Communications

Benchmark Scoring

All indicators are scored from 0 to 5 to provide global comparisons across different cities.

Benchmark scoring distributes across a bell-like curve for 445 cities globally in 2013.


2thinknow defined these indicators in 2009, based on research process dating to 2005. Analysts preparing the final 3 factors scores of the Innovation Cities™ Indexes have consulted these same City Indicators data since 2009 (2008-2007 indexes based on a more subjective preliminary method).

The methodology of the indicators has been progressing in complexity since then, with analysts making significant changes regularly to further refine the indicators against a larger data set of cities.


All indicators contain quantitative and qualitative data that is sourced to over 5000 sources.


For a detailed explanation of the rationale of the indicators, order this report.


The data is available in two data products, and more information on each below:

Single City Data-set — 162 indicators of data, with benchmark scoring data for a single city.

Comparative City Data-set — Select from 162 indicators and 445 cities to compare data and benchmark scores.

Please contact us to discuss your data needs.